What are cookies?
A cookie is a small piece of data that a website asks your browser to store on your computer or mobile device.
A cookie allows the website to remember your actions and preferences over a period of time, so you don’t have to keep re-entering them whenever you come back to the site or browse from one page to another.
Enabling cookies is not strictly necessary for the website to work but it will provide you with a better browsing experience. Most browsers support cookies, but users can set their browsers to decline them and can delete them whenever they like.
– identify users;
– remember users’ custom preferences;
– help users complete tasks without having to re‑enter information when browsing from one page to another or when visiting the site later.
Cookies can also be used for online behavioural target advertising and to show adverts relevant to something that the user searched for in the past.
How are they used?
What are the different types of cookies?
A cookie can be classified by its lifespan and the domain to which it belongs. By lifespan, a cookie is either a:
– session cookie which is erased when the user closes the browser or
– persistent cookie which remains on the user’s computer/device for a pre-defined period of time.
As for the domain to which it belongs, there are either:
– first-party cookies which are set by the web server of the visited page and share the same domain
The cookie-related information is not used to identify you personally. Cookies are not used for any purpose other than those described above.
How to control cookies
You can control and/or delete cookies as you wish. You can delete all cookies that are already on your device and you can set most browsers to prevent them from being placed. If you do this, however, you may have to manually adjust some preferences every time you visit a site and some services and functionalities may not work.
Adapted from: European Commission, Information Provider’s Guide, Basics, Legal requirements, Cookies [Online].
Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/ipg/basics/legal/cookies/index_en.htm [Accessed: March 13, 2018]